Greta Gerwig was thought to be in with a chance for Best Picture nominee Little Women, while Marielle Heller (A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood) and Lulu Wang (The Farewell) were both believed to be in with a fighting chance.
Another Netflix movie, "Marriage Story", received six nominations - Best Picture, Actor in a Leading Role (Adam Driver), Actress in a Leading Role (Scarlett Johansson), Actress in a Supporting Role (Laura Dern), Original Screenplay (Noah Baumbach) and Original Score (Randy Newman).
A dark satire about the gap between rich and poor, it was the first South Korean movie to be nominated in both the best picture and best worldwide film categories.
After the nominations for Best Director were announced, Issa Rae quipped: "Congratulations to those men".
In fact, 2020 nominee Martin Scorsese has more nominations on his own than all the women directors combined-something that has annoyed many social media users.
The Irishman, 1917 and Once Upon a Time.in Hollywood follow with 10 nominations each. The 71-year-old was last nominated 17 years ago for a supporting role in About Schmidt, and was a leading-actress victor in 1991 for Misery.
With her best actress nod for "Little Women", Saiorse Ronan has been nominated for four Oscars despite being just 25.
Cate Blanchett, 50, also missed out on Oscars recognition, after being previously nominated in the "Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy" category at the Golden Globes for film, Where'd You Go, Bernadette. It's the kind of story we don't see often enough and it's exactly what Michelle and I hope to achieve with Higher Ground. In the ceremony's 90 years of existence, the Academy has only nominated five female directors and awarded one: Kathryn Bigelow, who won in 2009 for The Hurt Locker.
"Congrats to the incredible filmmakers and entire team!" he wrote. Netflix went into the recent Golden Globes with 34 nominations, only to walk away nearly empty-handed after Dern was the only victor, for Marriage Story. Other documentaries that have been nominated for the same category include "The Cave", "The Edge of Democracy", "For Sama" and "Honeyland".
The 92nd Annual Academy Awards will air live from the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood on February 9 at 8 p.m. ET on ABC.