To the surprise of abortion-rights lawyers, a conservative appeals court in New Orleans upheld the Louisiana law a year ago and said it would not put an undue burden on many women. Like an OH law that requires abortion clinics to have transfer agreements with nearby hospitals, the Louisiana law is meant to shutter abortion clinics, abortion rights advocates say.
The case is one of several cultural touchstones the Supreme Court will take up this year - including cases on employment discrimination against LGBT Americans, gun rights, and Trump's elimination of protections undocumented immigrants brought into the United States as children.
Louisiana's law, enacted in 2014, requires doctors to have admitting privileges at a hospital within 30 miles (48 kilometers) of the abortion facility.
The court begins its new nine-month term on Monday.
The case, June Medical Services v.
The case will test the willingness of the court, which has a 5-4 conservative majority that includes two Trump appointees, to uphold Republican-backed abortion restrictions being pursued in numerous conservative states.
Similarly, Students for Life of America President Kristan Hawkins said the Supreme Court "now has a chance in this case to reconsider, reverse, and return Roe v. Wade and the issue of abortion to the American people, which is long overdue". Trump vowed during the 2016 presidential campaign to appoint justices who would overturn that landmark ruling. And their lawyers pointed to the Supreme Court's ruling in 2016 which, by a 5-3 vote, struck down an identical law from Texas.
Statutes aimed at indirectly curtailing access to abortions by medically unnecessary requirements are common in more conservative states and are sometimes referred to as "targeted restrictions on abortion providers", or TRAP laws.
"In any case, we know that the abortion industry is the most unregulated surgical industry in the nation and that its practitioners are the losers and washouts of the medical profession", he continued.
"Incompetent and unsafe providers should not be allowed to challenge health and safety standards created to protect women from those very providers", Landry added.
The state said its law was "based on a lengthy history of abortion clinic safety violations reflecting the clinics' indifference to doctor qualifications and the threat that indifference poses to women".
The Supreme Court upheld a similar Colorado law in 2000, but in 2014 struck down a MA provision that set a fixed 35-foot (10.7-meter) buffer zone outside abortion clinics.
On Friday, though, the Court declined to summarily reverse the Fifth Circuit, and instead granted review of the entire case.
In a dissent to the Whole Woman's Health decision, Justice Clarence Thomas criticized the Court's "habit of applying different rules to different constitutional rights-especially the putative right to abortion".
The law banning dilation and evacuation abortions was blocked from going into effect during the district court challenge. The appeals court revived the law, saying there was no evidence any clinics in Louisiana would close as a result of the "admitting privileges" requirement. Nonetheless, Smith maintained the the Louisiana law did not impose "an undue burden" on women seeking abortions. "With Kavanaugh on this court, what will the future of abortion access look like in OH and across the country?"
"The Supreme Court announced on Friday that it will hear June Medical Services v. Gee, a case that could well be the vehicle the Court's conservatives use to gut the right to an abortion", they write. "Overturning Roe will not make abortion illegal".
The most pressing is a developing case in Georgia, around the state's "heartbeat bill", which would ban abortions after doctors can detect a fetal heartbeat and essential stop abortions after six weeks of pregnancy.