Peter Handke, this year's awardee, presents "an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience".
Handke's first novel was published in 1966.
The Swedish Academy said it had honoured Handke for his literary qualifications and had not taken political views into account.
Sarah Rigaud from the French publisher Les Escales and FRANCE 24's book critic Catherine Khédir-Clifford speak to Eve Jackson about the significance of the selection by the Swedish academy, who are trying to recover from the biggest scandal in their history. Olga Tokarczuk is named recipient of the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature, Thursday Oct. 10, 2019.
In a 1996 essay, "Justice for Serbia", Handke accused Western news media of depicting Serbs as aggressors in the wars that led to the breakup of Yugoslavia. Polish novelist Olga Tokarczuk was named Thursday Oct. 10, 2019, victor of the 2018 Nobel Prize for literature.
Tokarczuk has won the 2018 prize, which was postponed after the jury was engulfed in scandal.
But in the Polish writer Olga Tokarczuk, it has found not only a fine victor but a culturally important one.
He has also described Thomas Mann, a giant of German literature and a 1929 Nobel laureate, as a "terribly bad writer" churning out "condescending, snotty-nosed prose".
"A Nobel Prize is a clear sign that Polish culture is well appreciated in the world", Glinski tweeted.
The husband of academy member Katarina Frostenson was sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison after being convicted of rape.
Considered one of her generation's most successful writers, Tokarczuk has also received - along with a host of other literary awards - the renowned Man Booker International Prize for her novel Flights (translated by Jennifer Crost) previous year.
The other 2019 Nobel Prize winners include three scientists who discovered how cells use oxygen, three scientists contributed to the development of lithium-ion batteries, Canadian James Peebles "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology", and to Swiss physicists for discovering an exoplanet. Nobel decided the physics, chemistry and medicine should be awarded in Stockholm, and the peace prize in Oslo.