Johnson's bid for a new election failed as Parliament voted 293-46 in favor of the resolution, falling short of the 434 votes required to acquire two-thirds majority from the House of Commons for the election to take place.
After tonight, this is it for parliament until October 14th, as Downing Street confirmed business will be suspended until then.
Speaking ahead of his meeting with Mr Johnson in Dublin, the Taoiseach turned to his British counterpart and said securing trade agreements with the European Union and United States in less than three years would be a "Herculean" task.
He's also been hamstrung by a group of opposition and Conservative MPs who have passed a law that requires him to seek an extension of the deadline if he hasn't reached a deal by October 19.
Anti-Brexit protesters demonstrate outside Parliament in London.
Former attorney general Dominic Grieve's demand for all written and electronic contact about the temporary suspension of Parliament and Operation Yellowhammer documents since July 23 to be released was approved by 311 votes to 302, a majority of nine.
"The "surrender act" has now passed", said Johnson, referring to the legislation that he claims will tie his hands in securing a departure deal with the EU.
"Parliament should be sitting and parliament should be holding the government to account". The government said the suspension was to give Johnson the chance to set out a new legislative agenda.
Ahead of the vote on an early general election, the prime minister suffered another defeat in the House of Commons.
Mr Johnson wants to keep this date, but many MPs fear his threat to leave without agreeing on divorce terms with Brussels would cause huge disruption.
With the future of Brexit mired in uncertainty, parliament was suspended until October 14, sparking tense scenes in the House of Commons where opposition lawmakers held signs reading "silenced" and yelled "shame on you" at Johnson's ruling Conservatives.
But the main opposition Labour party said it would only back an election once "no deal" was off the table.
It would "consider the implications of this vote and respond in due course", according to a government statement.
"The Prime Minister appears to want to run away from questions", he said.
The law that took effect on Monday does allow for one scenario in which a no-deal Brexit could take place on October 31 - if parliament approved a no-deal exit by October 19.
He kicked 21 lawmakers out of Parliament's Conservative group after they defected to the opposition and two ministers - one of them being his brother - recently quit amid the political infighting.
Mr Johnson remained insistent that he would not ask for another Brexit delay, despite royal assent being given to legislation requiring him to seek an extension if he can not reach a deal.
However, he says he believes an agreement is still possible before a summit of European Union leaders in Brussels on 17-18 October, in time to leave on 31 October.
An anti Brexit protester stands outside the Houses of Parliament in London.
Johnson acknowledged Monday that a no-deal Brexit "would be a failure of statecraft" for which he would be partially to blame.
The five-week suspension of Parliament began just before 2am after MPs rejected a last-ditch attempt from the Prime Minister to call an early general election. "We expect the Brexit delay bill to get a royal approval and thus push the risk of a no-deal Brexit beyond the fourth quarter of 2019".
Mr. Varadkar reiterated that position on Monday, telling reporters: "In the absence of agreed alternative arrangements, no backstop is no deal for us".