Zainab's tumor was found in her stomach two months ago, but doctors believe it may have been growing undetected for nearly ten months. She's going to require a substantial number of blood transfusions during upcoming cancer treatments, so the OneBlood nonprofit blood distributor has opened up a worldwide search for donors.
Statistically, the only people who are likely to be a match for Zainab are people of Pakistani, Indian or Iranian descent, according to OneBlood. The birth parents of the donor must be 100 percent Pakistani, Indian or Iranian and their blood type has to be type "O" or "A".
Mughal said his daughter's diagnosis was "the worst thing" they could have expected, until doctors discovered another problem.
While the blood won't cure Zainab's cancer, it will allow her to undergo two bone marrow transplants, which will make her stronger and allow doctors to give her higher doses of chemotherapy, Forbes said.
"We will definitely need more blood", Mughal said.
Zainab suffers from Neuroblastoma, a cancer that develops from immature nerve cells around the adrenal glands and most commonly affects children 5 or younger. According to the American Cancer Society, there are about 800 new cases of neuroblastoma diagnosed each year. OneBlood says her dire situation is complicated by her blood type since she is missing a common antigen that most people carry in their red blood cells. If Zainab gets a blood donation from someone who has the antigen, her body will reject it.
A toddler in Florida has spurred a hunt for compatible blood donors, and the requirements are incredibly rigid.
"My daughter's life very much depends on the blood", Mughal said, describing the plea for help as a "humble request" from his heart.
All donations for Zainab must be coordinated with OneBlood in advance to ensure the additional compatibility testing is performed.
"What you're doing to save a human life, my daughter's life, is fantastic", shared Mughal.