"These results indicate that the policies in place as of the 2017-2018 school year were not sufficient to stop the spread of nicotine vaping among adolescents", the team led by Richard Miech of the University of MI wrote in a letter to the New England Journal of Medicine, released along with the report.
The trend has trickled down to middle schoolers, with 10.9 percent of eighth-graders saying they've also used e-cigarettes in the past year. So that's really what has all of us concerned.
In all that time, the researchers who conduct the survey have never seen a drug's popularity explode the way vaping did in the past year.
Though teenage use of traditional tobacco cigarettes has been declining, public health officials warn that increased use of vaping devices may bring its own ramifications.
The new report vindicates their fears. The parents should be clear they don't approve of their children smoking or the use of e-cigarettes.
E-cigarettes were developed to help adtul smokers quit tobacco. That liquid usually contains nicotine along with a mixture of chemicals and flavorings. The store does not sell Juul pods.
The FDA calls vaping a "youth epidemic".
Compton said more progress is needed, however.
The restrictions proposed by the state legislature follow San Francisco's ban on the sale of flavored tobacco products, including vaping liquids and menthol cigarettes, which took effect in July.
"So we have very good news", she said, "but at the same time, we have to be vigilant, because of this very high uptake and embracing of vaping by teenagers that could lead them then to the administration of other drugs".
The sharp increase in teen vaping was revealed in surveys completed by a nationally representative group of 13,850 students.
For instance, Vicodin use dropped by 58.4% in eighth-graders, 75.4% in 10th-graders and 67.2% in 12th-graders, according to the report. And there is a growing body of evidence that these are not simply kids who are vaping instead of smoking.
Erika Edwards Erika Edwards is the medical news producer and reporter for NBC News Channel based in Charlotte
After vaping and alcohol, the most common thing teens use is marijuana, the survey found.
Still, the increase in the past year was striking.
A total of 37.3 percent of 12th graders reported "any vaping" in the past 12 months, compared to 27.8 percent in 2017, the survey said.
Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, a professor of pediatrics in Stanford University's Division of Adolescent Medicine, called this increase in vaping alarming but not surprising because of new products, such as those from popular e-cigarette maker Juul.
"The overall decline or stabilization of other drug use is promising, although the increase in vaping marijuana is concerning", she said.
Vaping jumped dramatically again among high school students between 2017 and 2018.
"These results suggest that vaping is leading youth into nicotine use and nicotine addiction, not away from it", Miech said in a statement.
The survey found 36 percent of seniors used marijuana at least sometimes, and close to 6 percent said they used it daily.
The survey showed that factors that make vaping so attractive to youth include its novelty and the easy concealability of the latest vaping devices, which better allows youth to vape without adults knowing about it.
"We are encouraged to see continued declines in a variety of measures of underage alcohol use", says George F. Koob, Ph.D., director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Fewer teens report binge drinking (five or more drinks in a row).