Agreements were also signed between Higher Education of Pakistan and Science Academy of China and between Chinese Academy of Science and Pakistan Metrological Department.
He also said the two sides should boost people-to-people exchanges, strengthen anti-terrorism cooperation and increase coordination and communication on multilateral platforms such as the United Nations and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
Just days after India strongly objected to the proposed bus service, the Foreign Office of Pakistan issued a statement saying, "We reject the Indian Ministry of External Affairs' (MEA) purported protest and statement regarding bus service through the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)".
While Commerce Minister Dawood told the Financial Times that some of the CPEC agreements were unfair to Pakistani companies and should be put on hold for a year, Railways Minister Rasheed said that Pakistan wants to cut the size of the Dollars 8 billion Karachi-Peshawar rail line, the biggest project of the CPEC, by USD 2 billion.
India on Thursday reiterated its opposition to a proposed luxury bus service between Pakistan and China that would pass through parts of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan - territory that India claims - terming it "a violation of India's sovereignty", a day after it had summoned a Chinese diplomat to South Block to lodge a strong protest against the initiative. Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad halted a few Chinese projects after coming to power this year, while Myanmar's Planning and Finance Minister Soe Win told Nikkei in July that his government would demand that plans for a new port be "slimmed down".
China's stand he said is that the "cooperation between China and Pakistan has nothing to do with the territorial dispute and will not affect China's principled position on Kashmir", he said.
"We have very special relations with China".
Khan is also keen to renegotiate Islamabad's projects under the "Belt and Road Initiative", Beijing's global trade and infrastructure development programme.
During the meeting, Khan thanked President Xi for extending warm hospitality to him and his delegation in China.
The two sides underscored the importance of the Pak-China all-weather strategic cooperative partnership for a shared future.
Earlier, President Xi warmly welcomed Prime Minister Khan and his delegation upon their arrival at the Great Hall of the People.
India on Wednesday, October, was once again at loggerheads with China and Pakistan over a service, which is scheduled to be launched this week between Lahore and Kashghar, a city that runs through Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir (PoK).
The two foreign ministers discussed building the bilateral relationship further along the lines of the 10-point agenda covering multifaceted practical cooperation.
PM Khan was received at Beijing Airport by China's Minister for Transport Li Xiaopeng, Ambassador to Pakistan Yao Jing, and other senior government officials.