Teenager Prithvi Shaw became the youngest Indian to hit a century on debut as he slammed a 99-ball hundred on day one of the first Test against the West Indies on Thursday.
Meanwhile, Pujara poked at a wide ball and fell for 86 off 130 balls, giving fast bowler Sherman Lewis his first test wicket. Ajinkya Rahane contributed 41 runs.
There is plenty of excitement around the two-Test series despite India starting as the overwhelming favourites to complete a whitewash of the West Indies, thanks to some bold selection calls from the host nation.
Skipper Virat Kohli on 72 and R.R.Pant with 17 remained unbeaten when the stumps were drawn.
Nonetheless, batsmen have always enjoyed the Rajkot conditions and thus both teams would be looking to bat first after winning the toss.
Kraigg Brathwaite, who is standing as captain after Jason Holder suffered a last-minute ankle injury, juggled his bowlers who often looked toothless.
India's Prithvi Shaw celebrates after scoring fifty runs on the first day of the first cricket test against West Indies.
The attacking batsman from Mumbai made his debut at the age of 18 years and 329 days, and is the seventh youngest batsman in the history of Test cricket to have scored a century. With this feat, he also became the youngest Indian to score a century on debut for India in Tests.
One can not speak of the future but this 134 off 154 balls, he has done all the right things to book a flight to Australia for the Test series, that starts on December 6 at Adelaide.
Cheteshwar Pujara too looked at ease at the other end and was on 74 off 100 balls when the Shaw's century came. Indian opening batsman Shikhar Dhawan was dropped and the Indian side will play with three debutants Hanuma Vihari, Prithvi Shaw and Mayank Agrawal. And the West Indies attack was depleted. After Rahul's dismissal, Shaw and Pujara gave the innings a move on and did not look in any sort of trouble.
Their lead pacer, Kemar Roach, was already ruled out of the series opener due to a bereavement in the family.
India take on West Indies in the first of the two-Test series at the Saurashtra International Cricket Stadium in Rajkot from Thursday, October 4.