As the founder of Defense Distributed, Wilson became a notable figure in the USA debate over guns after the company posted on the internet the blueprints for plastic guns that can be made with a 3-D printer.
Wilson has been transported and booked into the Harris County Jail located in Houston, where he has been turned over to state authorities and will begin his judicial proceedings, with a bond set at $150,000.
A warrant for Wilson's arrest was issued earlier this week following allegations that Wilson, 30, had sex with a 16-year-old girl he met on an adult dating site, police said.
The promoter of 3-D printed guns - Cody Wilson - detained in Taipei on Friday and ordered to leave the country.
But Wilson, the founder of Defense Distributed has been selling the 3-D firearm designs and delivering them on flash drives.
Authorities say Wilson met the girl through the website SugarDaddyMeet.com.
Officials said Wilson learned he was going to be arrested Friday and took a flight to Taiwan, where he was arrested.
Wilson was placed under investigation after a counselor told authorities on August 22 a 16-year-old girl said she was paid $500 to have sex with Wilson at an Austin hotel, police said.
Wilson traveled to Taiwan after a friend informed him the victim had spoken to police, Austin Police Cmdr.
' That's our focus right now, ' Wilson's attorney, Samy Khalil, said in a statement Sunday night. The newspaper said he cooperated calmly with authorities upon arrest.
The legal age of consent in the state is 17.
He then drove them to a hotel where they had sex.
Wilson sexually assaulted her and then "retrieved five $100.00 bills from a bag on the floor" and gave her the money, the alleged victim told police, according to the affidavit. He paid her $500 for it then dropped her off a a Whataburger, according to prosecutors.
In 2013, Wilson - a self-described "crypto-anarchist" - successfully fired a bullet from the world's first 3D-printed handgun and posted its blueprint online.
Nineteen states and the District of Columbia sued to stop an agreement that the government reached with Defense Distributed, arguing that the blueprints could be obtained by felons or terrorists.