US President Donald Trump has nominated federal appeals Judge Brett Kavanaugh to replace retiring Justice Anthony Kennedy on the Supreme Court. "Throughout legal circles, he is considered a judge's judge, a true thought leader among his peers. I am deeply honored to be nominated to fill his seat on the Supreme Court", Kavanaugh said in his first public statement as a nominee.
Prior to serving on the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington, D.C., Kavanaugh worked as a White House aide under former President George W. Bush, and for Kenneth Starr, the independent counsel who investigated former President Clinton in the 1990s.
All of the candidates are relatively young and could help shape legal doctrine on the high court for decades to come.
Judge Kavanaugh by comparison, recently voiced disagreement with a court decision allowing an undocumented teenage immigrant to have an abortion.
This is Mr Trump's second appointment to the highest court in the land, potentially allowing him to shape the United States for a generation after he leaves office.
"I didn't know Justice Kennedy was going make this decision to retire but I like the timing and I think the quality of the potential successors is very high", Cornyn said.
The Judicial Crisis Network is planning a $1.4 million ad buy in Alabama, Indiana, North Dakota and West Virginia - states with moderate Democratic senators who could be pressured to vote for Trump's nominee.
"Almost any Republican would have likely given strong consideration to someone with Kavanaugh's credentials, record and likely votes", Dorf said. John McCain of Arizona, is ill and may not be able to participate in the confirmation process. That fact is not lost on Pres. Trump. Throughout this process I have witnessed firsthand your appreciation for the vital role of the American judiciary.
Trump made the announcement in the East Room of the White House and rousing applause broke out as Kavanaugh entered with his wife and two daughters.
Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), argued Sunday that the Supreme Court may ultimately have to weigh in if Trump refuses to comply with a subpoena in the Mueller investigation, as his lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, has suggested. His mother, Martha, became a Maryland state judge a quarter-century ago.
Notably, Kavanaugh was not on the first rendition of Trump's list, which started at 11 people and later expanded to 25.
Interested in Supreme Court?"He has a track record that demonstrates his talents and his judicial philosophy".
The Democratic senator Kamala Harris of California said: "Judge Brett Kavanaugh represents a direct and fundamental threat to that promise of equality and so I will oppose his nomination to the supreme court". The judge, who has authored more than 300 opinions, has also written fairly extensively about presidential authority and the separation of powers. Senate Democrats must use everything in their power to keep Trump's risky nominees off the Supreme Court.
"Big decision will soon be made on our next Justice of the Supreme Court!" he wrote.
A White House official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Kavanaugh was informed on Sunday night he would be the nominee, adding that "what really tipped the scales was the consistency" the judge had shown on the appeals court.
Any of the candidates on Trump's short list would probably move the court to the right. And-though he claimed to technically live by the creed of his Jesuit high school, "Men for others"-he appeared to also be subtly attempting to reassure Americans that he's not necessarily intent on overturning precedents like Roe v. Wade, which ensures access to abortion".
Kavanaugh, 53, is an ideological conservative who is expected to push the court to the right on a number of issues including business regulation and national security. Kennedy, a 1988 appointee of President Ronald Reagan, was the most unpredictable.