The justices then, as they were in Monday's ruling, were divided 5-4, with the conservative justices backing the Texas Republicans and the liberals dissenting.
The US Supreme Court on Monday refused to hear a Wisconsin man's challenge to his conviction in a 2005 murder in which he contends police coerced him into a confession in a case featured in a Netflix documentary series called "Making a Murderer". It's now held by Democratic Rep. Ramon Romero Jr.
It's not clear the Wisconsin ruling will force the North Carolina court to reach a different result. But it's unclear how Stutzman will fare, considering the state's highest court sent a clear, unified message.
However, Judge Ilana Diamond Rovner, in her dissenting opinion, said that "his confession was not voluntary and his conviction should not stand, and yet an impaired teenager has been sentenced to life in prison".
The lower court's finding of intentional discrimination was key to challengers' efforts to persuade the courts to again require the state to get the federal government's permission to change its election laws - a safeguard for voters of color that Texas was required to comply with until 2013, when the Supreme Court wiped the list clean. While the Supreme Court did not weigh in yet on whether or not there was unfair hostility in this case, in the court proceedings involving Stutzman and her flower shop, the state of Washington had argued that there was no religious animosity.
ADF, which represents Stutzman, expects the Washington Supreme Court "to follow the law", Waggoner said.
The states, backed by President Donald Trump's administration, had argued that anti-steering provisions kept fees artificially high, leading to higher retail prices even for people who do not use credit cards. The lower court ignored evidence showing that the legislature adopted districting plans in 2013 primarily to try to end the litigation over the districts, Alito said.
"Throughout the process in Washington state court, Barronelle's sincerely held religious beliefs were treated with neither respect nor dignity", Wussow told Baptist Press in written comments.
In a blistering dissent, Justice Sonia Sotomayor said the court went "out of its way to permit the State of Texas to use maps that the three-judge District Court unanimously found were adopted for the objective of preserving the racial discrimination that tainted its previous maps". Two of the judges found it also ran afoul of the Constitution by discriminating based on political belief and association. "And it has increased the availability of card services, including free banking and card-payment services for low-income customers who otherwise would not be served", they wrote. Critics in both parties have said gerrymandering distorts democracy by stifling large segments of the electorate.
The legality of Texas' electoral maps have been tied up in court since 2011, but politicians have been getting elected under them since 2012.