Although a White House official said that human rights were briefly mentioned when the leaders met on the sidelines of the ASEAN summit, Trump did not publicly mention the rights violations.
Trump left for home from the Philippines after a lunch with the other leaders, as meetings were running about two hours behind schedule.
"We've made some very big steps with respect to trade, far bigger than anything you know, in addition to about $300 billion in sales to various companies, including China", Trump said, according to a pool report.
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern will tell the Philippine president there have been too many killings in his war against drugs.
India and the Philippines on Monday inked four pacts providing for cooperation in a number of areas, including the defence and security, after Prime Minister Narendra Modi held wide-ranging talks with President Rodrigo Duterte, covering an entire gamut of bilateral relationship.
However, Trudeau said that during his conversation with Duterte, he "mentioned human rights, rule of law and specifically extra-judicial killings as being an issue that Canada is concerned with". Trump has previously praised Duterte's handling of his nation's drug problems.
"Both sides committed to enhance their counterterrorism cooperation through conducting additional exercises, increasing information sharing, and addressing the drivers of conflict and extremism", the joint statement said.
"This is a tremendous concern to Canada and to many, many countries around the world", he said.
On the ground, military operations continue to clear buildings for stragglers.