"The recommendations are principally in agreement with the industry submissions regarding the narrow issue of Net Neutrality, as encompassing, no paid prioritization, no throttling, no fast lanes, while allowing network management, etc", says COAI Director General Rajan S Mathews.
Lauding the involvement of content providers, service providers, access providers, research, and academia to monitor violations and make recommendations to the authority on regulations and standards, Nasscom said such a uniform approach would facilitate fair, alert and effective implementation of Net Neutrality.
As "savetheinternet.com" explains, net neutrality is the basic principle that prohibits internet service providers... from speeding up, slowing down or blocking any content, applications or websites you want to use.
The telecom sector watchdog said the Internet service providers (ISPs) can not be discriminatory in providing Internet access as it is an open platform based on the Constitutional right of equality.
Consequently, on issues that concern consumer protection, transparency and monitoring of compliance, the telecom regulator may go ahead and issue regulations as it sees fit.
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, who was appointed by President Donald Trump earlier this year, called the current rules, which were passed by the Obama administration in 2015, "heavy-handed", and said the FCC would stop micro-managing internet in the US. Over-the-top services refer to applications or services that is delivered over the internet, and does not involve an operator.
The internet in India, unlike possibly in the United States or China, is going to be free and open upholding the democratic principles, it said.
Campaigners from across the country collected millions of signatures to pledge their support for net neutrality.
"We expect Reliance Jio and Bharti Airtel to be key beneficiaries as they already have presence in content platforms", the report said. These recommendations are the result of a multi-stage consultation process, TRAI said.
Specialised services are essentially those services that have extremely critical quality requirement, which are not really internet related. He should have the freedom to exercise traffic management practices.
The telecom regulator also favoured tweaking of licensing norms of players to ensure that "explicit restrictions" on discrimination in Internet access based on content.
Law Firm Khaitan & Co, Associate Partner, Harsh Walia said that all Internet of Things (IoT) services are not excluded from the principle of non-discrimination, but only those that fall within the ambit of specialised services to the satisfaction of the Department of Telecom.