This was only the second launch from Russia's new multibillion dollar spaceport in the Far East as the country looks to move away from relying on the Baikonur Cosmodrome base in Kazakhstan.
The Roscosmos space agency said it had failed to establish communications with the Meteor M 2-1 satellite that was launched on a Soyuz-2 booster rocket from Russia's new Vostochny launch pad in the Far East.
"During the first planned communication session with the satellite, it was not possible to establish a connection due to its absence in the target orbit", Russia's space corporation said in a statement, adding that further information is now being analyzed.
Equipment from Canada, the US, Japan, Germany, Sweden and Norway was all being transported by the missing craft.
Along with the Meteor-M, 18 smaller satellites were launched from Vostochny at 0841 Moscow time (0341 a.m. GMT), Roscosmos said.
"Information is now being analysed".
The satellite was also an important segment of the Russian space agency's plans.
An unnamed Russian source earlier said that there had been a two-hour communication silence from the orbiting craft.
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said Monday that such contracts would help Russian Federation modernise its space industry.
Answering the question whether Russian President Vladimir Putin had been informed of the failed launch, his spokesman Dmitry Peskov has asked not to rush to conclusions as the Kremlin is waiting for detailed information on the emergency situation during the launch of a rocket. First flight is maiden mission of most recent version of rocket known as Angara 1.2 was planned for the end of 2017 (final launch date is still not confirmed).