Polish-born strategist guided United States president through Iran crisis and pushed hard line against Soviets.
Brzezinski was involved in the normalization of US-China relations, the signing of the second Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II), and the brokering of the Camp David Accords.
Mr Brzezinski "passed away peacefully" in Virginia on Friday evening, his daughter Mika said on social media.
'I just knew him as the most inspiring, loving and devoted father any girl could ever have. But to normal people around the world, Brzezinsky was more known as a deranged person whose rabid anti-Russian rhetoric persisted for 50 years.
The German-born Kissinger and Polish-born Brzezinski were considered foreign-policy realists with innate distrust of the Soviet Union.
In an opinion piece written with Paul Wasserman for the New York Times in February, Brzezinski criticized the Trump administration for lacking coherence in its foreign policy. The mission, dubbed Desert One, was a complete military and political humiliation and precipitated Vance's resignation.
"He helped me set vital foreign policy goals, was a source of stimulation for the departments of defence and state, and everyone valued his opinion".
"Dr. Brzezinski fought tirelessly to bring freedom to his homeland of Poland".
His name wasn't the easiest to say or or spell but Zbigniew Brzezinski was called on - and often - by Democratic administrations for his counsel.