Zinke made his recommendation in a report that also requests Congress give local tribes the authority to co-manage "designated cultural resources" within the monument's new boundaries.
Zinke said on a conference call that he had submitted his report on Bears Ears to the White House on Saturday, under an executive order calling for reviews of 22 national monuments and five marine monuments around the country created by the Antiquities Act.
Bears Ears National Monument is a 1.3-million-acre conservation area that was designated by President Barack Obama in the final days of his presidency. "Instead of reinforcing America's conservation heritage, Secretary Zinke is recommending President Trump take actions that are both unprecedented and illegal".
Zinke's recommendation to President Trump, announced Monday, is preliminary.
Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke talks to reporters before departing Kanab Airport on May 10, 2017, in Kanab, Utah. "Their assault on public lands is real, and none of Colorado's public lands are safe from it", Braden said.
"The recommendations were not made in a bubble in Washington, D.C.", Zinke was quoted as saying by the Washington Post, adding that during the review process he traveled throughout Bears Ears, "by air, by vehicle, by foot and by horseback". "Protection of these lands is non negotiable".
"Sadly, this is yet another corrupt process from the Trump administration that ignores public sentiment and rewards polluting industries that view our public lands as simply another source of profit". The Republican-controlled Congress has failed to approve a significant public lands bill in recent years, but Zinke said that was because of veto threats by Obama.
"I have enormous respect for tribes", Zinke said.
They joined environmental groups in vowing to file lawsuits if President Donald Trump accepts the recommendation and shrinks the monument.
"It is hard to square Secretary Zinke's recommendation with the fact that more than one million people commented in support of keeping the Bears Ears boundaries fully intact".
California's legislature has passed a joint resolution defending the Antiquities Act as a critical tool for the designation of national monuments and the protection of economic, historical, cultural, and ecological values that they provide for Americans.
The Interior secretary, who most recently was a Republican lawmaker from Montana, goes on to suggest some of Bears Ears be changed from a national monument to a national recreation area or national conservation area, a move that would alter rules governing the land. Further, she argues that, while the law allows presidents to create national monuments, the executive branch has no authority to abolish or reduce one. Ryan Zinke is recommending that the new Bears Ears National Monument in Utah be reduced in size and says Congr.
We must stand by Bears Ears. "I commend Secretary Zinke for actually listening to local voices on the issue and conducting a thoughtful and deliberative review to help inform the President's ultimate decision".