Turkey suspended thousands of police officers on Monday, widening a purge of the armed forces and judiciary after the coup attempt, raising concern among European allies that it was abandoning the rule of law. At least 161 people were killed and 1,440 others wounded in the coup attempt, Turkey's Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said on Saturday.
Overnight, warplanes patrolled Turkey's skies following the failed coup.
More than 100 coup plotters were also killed, the military said. Erdogan accuses the US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen of instigating the coup, although Gulen denies this. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said the U.S. would consider extradition - if Turkey's government could prove Gulen's role in the failed uprising.
Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said the perpetrators of Friday's failed coup "will receive every punishment they deserve", and the government said it would take steps toward extraditing a US -based cleric it accused of fomenting the uprising.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's whereabouts were initially unknown as the coup attempt took place.
Erdogan rushed back to Istanbul from a Mediterranean holiday and called on people to defy the coup plotters' orders of a curfew and stage a rally in support of his government.
Turkish forces loyal to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan largely crushed the attempted military coup on Saturday after crowds answered his call to take to the streets in support of the government and dozens of rebels abandoned their tanks.
"As a result, counter-Daesh coalition air operations at all air bases in Turkey have resumed", he added, using an acronym for the Daesh group.
"We want the rule of law to work fully in Turkey", he said. I think our government will speak with the opposition and come to a decision.
Washington is working with its North Atlantic Treaty Organisation partner to fight the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, and Kerry credited Turkey for reopening a key air base in the south of the country; Brussels is counting on Turkey to stem refugees from reaching the continent.