Mr Erdogan said 246 people other than the coup plotters were killed in the abortive attempt to overthrow the government, with 2,185 injured. "They will have to make their judgments applying our legal standards to whatever has been put forward", he said.
Fethullah Gulen, who is accused by the Turkish government of orchestrating the failed coup.
The cleric, Fethullah Gulen, has denied all knowledge of the coup - and has suggested that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government could have staged the coup as a way of consolidating power and eliminating government opponents.
Erdogan says the United States asked for evidence of his involvement before they would consider extradition, evidence he now claims to have supplied.
In an intriguing twist, a Turkish official said two Turkish pilots who played a role in the downing of a Russian plane in November that led to a crisis in ties between Moscow and Ankara are in custody over the failed coup.
"Nearly 60,000 soldiers, police officers, judges and civil servants have been suspended and detained across the country since last weekend, and about 1,000 members of the military have been accused of connections to the attempted coup", the New York Times reports.
The Turkish armed forces have carried out their first air strikes against Kurdish militants in northern Iraq since last week's coup attempt, killing 20 fighters, state media reported Wednesday.
Erdogan told supporters in Istanbul on Monday that "an important decision" would be announced after the national security council meeting, without specifying.
The Turkish president said his efforts to detain those involved, or suspend them from their positions, is far from over.
"The state of emergency in Turkey won't include restrictions on movement, gatherings and free press etc. It isn't martial law of 1990s", he wrote on Twitter.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein voiced "serious alarm" at the mass suspension of judges and prosecutors and urged Turkey to allow independent monitors to visit those who have been detained.
More than 1500 university deans have also been ordered to resign and the licences of 21,000 teachers working at private institutions revoked.
White House spokesperson Josh Earnest said the documents were being reviewed in light of the three-decade old extradition treaty that exists between the United States and Turkey.